5 Things To Consider Before Security Camera Installation
Security Camera Installation

Installing security cameras requires in-depth planning and consideration of several factors, including location, legal compliance, data management, system security, and power redundancy. You can contact a security cameras installation company for help implementing an effective video surveillance system. Here’s an in-depth look at five things to consider before installing security cameras on your property:

1. Strategic Camera Placement

Carefully map out camera positioning to monitor relevant areas. Walk through the property and note vulnerabilities like entryways, gates, perimeter fences, or walls. Position cameras to get facial shots of people approaching, not just wide-area views. For interiors, cover hallways, stairwells, cash registers, and server rooms. Analyze lighting at different times of day to avoid glare or shadows hindering visibility. Choose locations where cameras won't be easily obstructed by equipment, shelves, or landscaping.

For homes, cover exterior doors, driveways, yard access points, and pathways to detached buildings like garages. Monitor interior stairwells, hallways, main rooms, and areas housing valuables. For businesses, position cameras both inside and outside to monitor all public and employee access points. Cash registers, inventory rooms, lobbies, parking lots, delivery areas, and data centers need well-placed cameras. Install sufficient coverage to capture clear, identifiable footage rather than the bare minimum.

2. Privacy and Legal Aspects

Privacy laws for security camera usage can vary depending on your state and municipality. Research specifics for your local jurisdiction before purchase. At a minimum, visibly post signs indicating that recording is happening, avoid public spaces like sidewalks, and don't capture audio recordings without consent in private conversations. A professional security company can also advise you on following relevant privacy laws in your area.

For businesses monitoring employees, your policies should comply with labor laws and union agreements if applicable. Consult with legal counsel when drafting security camera installation and usage policies for your organization. Establish written procedures for managing and securing the footage with designated roles and access privileges. Include staff training for understanding legal protocols like footage retention and handling requests from law enforcement.

3. Data Storage Needs

The recorder system must have adequate storage capacity to retain security footage for a useful period. The exact requirements depend on the number of cameras, video resolution, frame rate, and how frequently motion is captured. Choose reliable enterprise-grade network video recorder (NVR) or digital video recorder (DVR) systems designed for intensive continuous operation. The storage system also needs to have adequate network bandwidth, allowing it to handle all camera feeds simultaneously. Consult a reputable security cameras installation company to determine your ideal storage needs.

4. Recorder Security

Lock down the NVR or DVR recorder physically and digitally for robust security. House the unit in a locked, climate-controlled server room accessible only to authorized staff. Assign complex passwords, avoiding basic or common phrases, and set an expiration period for changes. Enable encryption protocols and consider a virtual private network (VPN) for external administration.

Regularly patch firmware and applications like Web GUI for the recorder, along with disabling unused ports and services. Install anti-virus and endpoint protection to prevent malware-based intrusions. Set up IP address filtering, account lockouts, and two-factor authentication. An experienced security company can help you design a suitable monitoring system using secure devices and recorders.

5. Backup Power Supply

Any power disruption will knock out cameras and discontinue recording until electricity is restored. Connect the NVR or DVR recorder and cameras to an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) unit. This maintains operation during short-term outages and voltage fluctuations while transitioning to backup power.

For outages exceeding UPS capacity, use generators with automatic start and switchover. Calculate the minimum runtime needed until utility power is restored. Test backup systems monthly and inspect generator fuel/batteries periodically, storing sufficient fuel onsite for extended outages. The power system must match the scale of your surveillance deployment to avoid gaps in security monitoring.

Work With a Security Cameras Installation Company Today

Hiring a professional security company can help guide your camera installation process. To promote a thorough monitoring solution, consider your system's placement, compliance, storage, security, and power source. By focusing on these factors, you can execute a strategic security camera system that protects your home or business.

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